Recently, on August 5, 2011, NASA launched a new space probe, called Juno, headed towards Jupiter.
When it reaches its destination the spacecraft will be placed in a polar orbit in order to study the planet’s composition, gravity field, magnetic field, polar magnetosphere, and the deep winds of its atmosphere. Clues about Jupiter’s formation will also be researched.
The spacecraft’s name comes from Greco-Roman mythology. The god Jupiter drew a veil of clouds around himself to hide his mischief, but his wife, the goddess Juno, was able to peer through the clouds and see Jupiter’s true nature. [reference] In my opinion, this is a very appropriate name, since the spacecraft will physically peer through the clouds of planet Jupiter and thus learn its secrets.
Infographic source: Space.com